Indian education system, a topic which was under the cover for past decades. Scams, elections, sports and crimes were the frequent front page news. But Covid-19 changed it all, news of reshaping of education system are now very common.
Moreover this pandemic has forced each and every one in the planet to involve in some or the other kinds of digital activities. Shutting all the offline mode of activities including education, online education is the only way to pursue education.
Online education requires basic elements of internet infrastructure such as electricity, internet accessibility and a device. And by looking into conditions of these elements one can very easily predict the future of online teaching methodology.
Mission Antyodaya, a nationwide survey of villages conducted by the Ministry of Rural Development in 2017-’18, showed that 16% of India’s households received one to eight hours of electricity daily, 33% received 9-12 hours, and only 47% received more than 12 hours a day. Drawback here is the unpredictable timings of the power cuts. A teacher cannot teach different students simultaneously having said that different students come from different family backgrounds living in different regions.
Let’s assume that all students of a particular class live in local surroundings with the teacher. So, in this case, classes can be scheduled as per availability of power supply in that locality. But only having electricity won’t serve the function of online education. According to the 2017-’18 National Sample Survey report on education, only 24% of Indian households have an internet facility. While 66% of India’s population lives in villages, only a little over 15% of rural households have access to internet services. For urban households, the proportion is 42%. Here again the draw back is lack of internet service.
Again assuming the availability of internet and electricity. Now we need a device with a big screen for having less eye straining sessions. A survey conducted by the National Statistical Office (NSO) states that just 4% of the rural households having access to computers as compared to 23% in urban areas. So, the draw back here is that most of the people using small sized mobile phones may leave online classes after few weeks, may be complaining headache while reading minute alphabets on the screens.
So, there are hurdles inter-connected to each others as mentioned above. But the brighter side is that India is noticed the growth rate in IT industry.
Emerging telecom industries such as Reliance JIO are on the way to make India as Digital India. Moreover development of online learning platforms such as Byju’s, unacademy and many more are doing very well in the market. “Our forefathers maybe would play with snakes but we play with the (computer) mouse“, Hon’ble Prime Minister of India said in his address to a gathering of Indian diaspora at the Madison Square Garden. These lines are now can be said is in the final phase towards the campaign.